Bergenia crass if o lia (L.) Fritsch (Saxifragaceae)

Bergenia crass if o lia (L.) Fritsch (Saxifragaceae).

Description. A perennial herb with thick creeping rhizomes and leafless thick stems, up to 35 cm tall. The leaves are large, leathery, thick, shiny on top, the winter persistent, obovate or elliptical, with a rounded or slightly notched base, crenate-toothed or nearly entire on the edges, extended on stalks at the base. Leaves collected in the basal rosette. Flowers are without bracts, in corymbose-paniculate inflorescence, the stems are with scattered, sessile, capitate hairs. Calyx is bell-shaped; petals are pink, with a short broad claw. A boll is two-horned.

Bergenia crass flowers

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Cirsium heterophyllum hill (calabash, planta madre, Libanotis)

Cirsium heterophyllum hill. Common names: calabash, planta madre, Libanotis.

The botanical characteristics. A perennial strongly prickly plant. Flowers are large, purple, spherical. It blooms in July - August.

Distribution. It grows in the forest and forest-steppe zones of Siberia and the Urals. It occurs in light of deciduous and mixed forests, forest clearings, meadows and marshes.

Cirsium heterophyllum hill flower

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Illicium (Anise tree)

Illicium (Anise-tree, Anise tree). A small evergreen wild plant, cultivated in China and Indochina. In Russia as a wild plant is not found, it is cultivated in Abkhazia on the Black Sea coast. Fruit - a complex leaflet in the form of six-eight-pointed star (hence the name - Illicium).

Illicium flower

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Huperzia selago, Northern firmoss or Fir Clubmoss

Huperzia selago, Northern firmoss or Fir Clubmoss. A remarkable property of this ordinary-looking “grass” provides its fame. If one drink a decoction of the aerial parts, and then, after a few minutes of alcohol, vodka or wine, it causes very unpleasant reactions, which are expressed in general painful condition accompanied by severe and prolonged nausea and vomiting, profuse salivation, perspiration, trembling of muscles, lowering blood pressure, heart rate and changes in decrease in breathing. When taking alcohol and smoking tobacco nausea is increased. This combination leads to the development of the conditioned reflex attitude to alcohol, usually occurs after 2 - 3 combinations of alcohol intake and decoction of Huperzia selago. Re-treatment is carried out at the resumption of alcohol craving in 0.5 - 2 years.

Huperzia selago

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Berberidaceae family

Berberidaceae family. Thorny shrub is 1.5-2 m tall. There are some trifoliate spines on lightly branched branches. The bark of young shoots is yellowish, and becomes gray after the winter. The leaves are alternate, stalked, up to 10 cm long, elliptical, somewhat leathery, finely toothed, grow beams on short shoots. Inflorescence - a brush, consisting of 10-25 pale yellow fragrant flowers. Fruit is dryish, of elliptical shape, red, sour. It flowers in May - June. The fruits ripen in August - September. It grows as an ornamental shrub in parks, hedges, also on the edge of the forest on rocky, but humus-rich soils of the steppe and forest-steppe zones, finally - on the territory of Ukraine and Belarus. The bark, flowers and leaves are harvested in the spring, after flowering, fruit - in autumn, the roots - in the early spring or late autumn.

Berberidaceae flowers

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