Artichoke. Asteraceae (Compositae). Used parts: blossoms, leaves, roots. Pharmaceutical name of blossoms and leaves of artichoke - Cynarae folium (before: Folia Cynarae), artichoke root-Cynarae radix (before: Radix Cynarae).
Botanical description. This perennial herbaceous plant has long been known. Its home - areas, adjacent to the Mediterranean, where it is used as a food delicacy. Artichoke is a large plant that resembles a thistle. It can reach a height of 2 m and develops large purple blossoms. Covers and thickened receptacle of inflorescences are eaten as a vegetable, the same part of the plant - along with the leaves and roots - are used for medicinal purposes.
Collecting and harvesting. The leaves are harvested during flowering, inflorescence - shortly after flowering. Of these, prepare various herbal medicines and medicinal drugs. The roots are harvested in the fall.
Active ingredients: cynaropikrin, cynarine, flavonoids, tannins.
Curative effect and application. In the form of tea is practically not used. Herbal medicines of artichoke are from the pharmaceutical point of view, a bitter substance with beneficial effects on the liver, while stimulating the formation and flow of bile. Medicinal substances of artichoke well help with nausea, feeling of heaviness, flatulence and pain caused by poor liver function. Patients with gallstones believe that medicinal substances of artichoke are the best help: colic become less frequent. Furthermore, artichoke reduces fat content and cholesterol in blood. Do the medicinal substances of artichoke have any effect on diabetes is probably unknown. Side effects are not known.