Garden ginger. Reed is a perennial plant of the ginger family. It is cultivated in subtropical areas of Africa, Asia and America.
Ginger is used as a spice. In powdered form, it is added to the dough for making muffins, cakes, cookies, candy mass in the production of candies in spicy sauces and meat dishes. Ginger is a mandatory component of bitter liqueurs and aperitifs. In perfumery it is used as an aromatic flavor.
Medical raw material is a rhizome, depending on the degree of processing it has a white or dark brown color, unique aroma and bitter-burning taste. Raw contains essential oils, zingiberene, cygerolum, as well as starch, fatty oils and tannins.
In ancient Rome, ginger was used as a drug of Plague. Currently, it is used to improve appetite and eliminate vomiting.
In traditional medicine, the East Asian ginger is prescribed for headaches, asthma, and as a drug of antitrichomonadica. The people use “ginger tea”. For preparation 1 teaspoon of minced raw is poured with 2 cups of water, boiled for 40 minutes, filtered and add sugar. It is used after meals when feels a sense of heaviness in the stomach, nausea and vomiting.
To increase appetite is prescribed alcohol tincture of ginger. For its preparation 10 g of good grinded root is poured with 40% alcohol and drawn in a warm place for 15 days, shaking occasionally. Take 10-15 drops 3 times a day 20 min before meal.
“Herb of Grace”. A perennial herb up to 60 cm. Rhizome is brown, jointed, and horizontal. Stem is erect or standing up, four-sided on top. The leaves are opposite, sessile, lanceolate, with three longitudinal veins. It flowers in June - August. The flowers are yellowish-white, single, there are sinuses on the long stalks. Fruit - egg-shaped capsule with numerous of seeds. It ripens in late July.
“Herb of Grace” is distributed in the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, Siberia and Kazakhstan. It grows on flood plains and wet sands on the ravines, swamps, rivers and drainage ditches.
Medical raw material is grass. Harvest the entire above-ground portion of the plant. It is dried in the shade or in a well-ventilated room, laying a thin layer. The finished material should be green and consist of stems without leaves, with the flowers and the fruits. It tastes bitter. It is stored in a dry place in bags of 3 years. The herb contains toxic glycosides gratiosides (gratioline and gratiotoxine), saponins, organic acids and other substances.
Gratiola has a laxative, choleretic and anthelmintic activity. This is a very active, but toxic drug. Large doses of the plant cause bloody diarrhea and cramps, so they should be taken only under medical supervision. In diseases of the heart and liver is used tincture of Gratiola. For its preparation half a teaspoon of herbs is poured with 1 cup of hot water, boiled in a water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes at room temperature, filtered through two or three layers of cheesecloth and bring volume to the original. It is kept in the refrigerator. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day after meals.
As an anthelmintic, decoction of Gratiola is prescribed. For its preparation, half a teaspoon of herbs is poured with 1 cup of hot water, boiled in closed enamelware in a water bath for 30 minutes, filtered hot and the volume is brought up to the original. Take 1 teaspoon in 15-20 minutes before the effect. To enhance the effects of the infusion can be made from equal parts of the roots of Gratiola and tansy flowers at the rate of 1 teaspoon of the mixture to 1 cup of hot water. Raw is boiled for 15 minutes, cooled, filtered and brought it to the original. Children are given 1.5 tablespoon on an empty stomach and at night, adults - 2 tbsp.
For the bile effect, infusion is made from equal parts of leaves and roots of Gratiola, rate of 1 teaspoon of the mixture to 1 cup of boiling water. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day after meals. For laxative action, dry crushed leaves can be taken - 1 teaspoon. Freshly ground grass of Gratiola is used for the treatment of chronic indolent ulcers and wounds festering. It is bandaged by the sore spots daily for 2-3 hours. As a result, the affected skin is cleared of pus and pink granulation of tissue is appeared on a sore spot.