To stabilize protective forces of organism is needed the whole set of necessary micronutrients.
The main micronutrients: iron, iodine, cadmium, cobalt, silicon, lithium, manganese, copper, molybdenum, selenium, sulfur, strontium, fluoride, chromium, zinc.
Essential micronutrients that stimulate hematopoiesis, are iron and copper. Their lack does not only reduce resistance to disease, but also leads to mental retardation, stunted growth, disruption of vascular elasticity.
Trace elements and their complexes in plants usually do not cause toxic side effects even when excess.
Iron (Fe) - a necessary party to the redox processes in the body, is part of the hemoglobin molecule, through which oxygen is removed from the air and is transported to the organs and tissues. It is the iron atoms are able to reversibly bind oxygen. In humans and animals, iron consisting of respiratory pigment is involved in the binding and transport of oxygen to the tissues. The human body contains 4-5 g of iron, approximately 70% of this amount is included in the hemoglobin. In plasma iron is complexed with a transport protein which is normally saturated with iron by only 20-50%. Exchange of iron in the body is largely dependent on the liver function, so its content in the serum can show the functional state of the liver. Due to a lack of iron in the blood are anemia, low immunity, depressed mood, fatigue, heart disease, digestive disorders, brittle nails and hair loss. Iron is stored in the liver. Exchange of iron in the body is largely dependent on the liver function, so its content in the serum can show the functional state of the liver. Due to a lack of iron in the blood are anemia, low immunity, depressed mood, fatigue, heart disease, digestive disorders, brittle nails and hair loss. Iron is deposited in the liver.
The foods, which are rich in iron (in milligrams per 100 grams of food): dried prunes - 15, beans - 12.4, beef liver - 9.8, peas - 9.4, buckwheat (unground) - 8. In a lot of it is contained in watermelons, everlasting, lagochilus intoxicating, strawberries, lobelia bloated, fresh strawberries, onions, Rubia tinctorum, salad, Greek valerian, black currants, asparagus, Cudweed, pumpkin, spinach, apples, apple butter.
Iodine (I) was inaugurated in 1811 by French chemist Bernard Courtois in peculiar circumstances. Courtois has put together two flasks, one - with the ash of seaweed with alcohol, another - with sulfuric acid with iron. A cat, sitting on the shoulder of scientist at the time, suddenly jumped and overthrew the flask - spilled mixture of fumes became of purple color, which was obtained by precipitation of iodine crystals, which had a metallic luster.
Iodine has a calming (sedative) effects on the nervous system, has antibacterial properties. Bactericidal effect of iodine is that its free molecules interact directly with a protein of microbial, viral, or fungal cells. Iodine is a mandatory component of hormones produced by the thyroid gland, where it is located. Iodine deficiency leads to a disease called “goiter” (Graves' disease), weakened immunity, reduced physical strength of the body. With a lack of iodine the formation of excess fat reserves can be observed (because iodine is a good catalyst for the oxidation processes in the body). Excessive consumption of iodine is just as harmful to the body, as well as the lack of it. Signs of saturation of the body will increase the amount of mucus in the nose, can be signs of colds, urticaria. Naturally, in this case iodine intake must be temporarily stopped. Iodine compounds play an important role in the metabolism of the body. Iodine is able to quickly penetrate into the body. For example, applied to the feet of iodine solution for 2-3 seconds can already be detected in the blood.
Foods that contain large amounts of iodine - tomatoes, turnips, lettuce, beets, onions, seaweed, sea crayfish, crabs, oysters, lobster, herring.
Small amounts of iodine found in oats, wheat, potatoes, cabbage, rutabaga, carrots, beets, garlic, hour, and rock salt.
Iodine is lost with urine, sweat, breast milk. It is therefore necessary to periodically conduct iodotherapy courses that have been propagandized a half century ago by our therapists. Details are described in the chapter “Treatments”.
Cadmium (Cd). Useful properties of cadmium to the body are not set, on the contrary, there are indications of its harmful effects.
Therefore, to collect plants - drives of cadmium should be away from roads and industrial enterprises. Cadmium is found in large quantities in Phlojodicarpus sibiricus, Indian dope, St. John's wort, Lily of the Valley, Digitalis purpurea, Cudweed and Tribulus terrestris.
Cobalt (Co) boosts the accumulation of compounds, which include many alkaloids, anthracene derivatives and all of phenolic derivatives. It takes part in the exchange of fatty acids and folic acid in carbohydrate metabolism, but its main role is in the process of hematopoiesis and in the synthesis of vitamin B. Vitamin B13. - The only element that can be stored in the body for future use by 7 years. Lack of cobalt causes the development of anemia, and excess - poisoning. Cobalt is included in the insulin that regulates carbohydrate metabolism.
A large number of cobalt contain Yellow Water-lily, Marsh Cudweed, cherry, the dog rose. The best source of cobalt to correct imbalances in the body it is a wild rose.
Silicon (Si) is necessary for muscle growth and strengthening of the central nervous system, hair and nails.
Found in large numbers in the peel of fresh fruits, bran, a little in cucumbers, strawberries, beets, asparagus, lettuce and parsley.
Lithium (Li) inadequate content in the body causes the development of mental illness.
A large amount of lithium is contained in the aloe tree, deadly nightshade, henbane black, Indian dope, cassia angustifolia, marsh cinquefoil. Among the preparations containing lithium, is scopolamine hydrobromide of herb, used to treat Parkinson's disease and psychosis. Contained in the herb lithium enhances the pharmacological effect of scopolamine. Lithium is a specific regulator of the biosynthesis of alkaloids.
Manganese (Mn) is a part of enzymes that catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions, it is involved in carbohydrate, protein and phosphorus metabolism. Its compounds are involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). It is known effects of manganese on the process of bone formation. Manganese activates the activity of many enzymes. In addition, it stimulates the synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids and is involved in hematopoiesis, promoting better absorption of iron. In some way manganese is related to copper, from which again depends on the process of hematopoiesis. Manganese deficiency leads to a reduction of islets of Langerhans, which are the main suppliers of insulin by the body. In this regard, there is an assumption that manganese facilitates the formation of this hormone. Manganese is necessary for normal gonadal function, musculoskeletal system and the nervous system. Assimilation of manganese decreases with age, although the need for it remains old. This can create conditions for the development of malignant neoplasms and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, their prevention and treatment are recommended plants that synthesize cardiac glycosides, which are characterized by the accumulation of high doses of manganese. Manganese deficiency can slow down the process of absorption of calcium in the bones and teeth and lead to abnormal development of bones.
In medicine have been used manganese compounds with other chemicals: potassium permanganate (manganese crystals).
In addition to the well known potassium permanganate, there are other compounds of manganese. This manganese chloride, reinforcing the effect of antibacterial injection, and manganese sulfate to help with atherosclerosis.
The plants, containing manganese, include: rosemary marsh, Common Tormentil, bush of tea, blueberry and eucalyptus. The best source of manganese is the Chinese tea plant. It is able to accumulate manganese Menyanthes trifoliate.
Copper (Cu) - an essential trace element, and in the adult human body contains 100-150 mg of copper in the protein-bound state (copper-proteid). Recent like hemoglobin are involved in the transport of oxygen. The number of copper atoms in their different two - in Cerebroсouperin molecule, involved in the oxygen storage of margin of the oxygen in the brain, and eight - in ceruloplasmin molecule that promotes the transfer of oxygen in the plasma. Most rich in copper is brain tissue, liver, heart and kidneys. Copper activates the rash * without hemoglobin, is involved in the processes of cellular respiration, protein synthesis, the formation of bone tissue and the pigment of the skin. Copper ions are included in the copper-containing enzymes. Copper is a good tonic for the liver, spleen and lymphatic system. Especially useful for people who are prone to gain weight, to retain water and suffering from anemia. For treating obesity, as well as liver and spleen should drink two teaspoons of copper water three times a day for a month.
For the preparation of this water is washed several copper coins (weighing 30 g) in water with lime, placed in an enamel dish, poured 1 l of water and heated up until half of the volume of water does not boil away. Almost a similar effect on the body and renders the wearing of a copper bracelet on the wrist. Any inflammation increases the need for copper. The use of copper is useful for treating arthritis of any genesis.
The infants can suffer from a lack of copper in milk. This is reflected in violation of bone formation. The excess of copper is deposited in the liver, brain, kidneys, eyes and causes severe disease - Wilson's disease - Konovalov and inflammatory changes in the liver. Excess of copper in the blood have been reported with hepatolenticular degeneration , schizophrenia, alcoholism and other. Copper-rich beans and buckwheat plants, Phlojodicarpus sibiricus, Common Tormentil, Lobelia inflata,Rubia tinctorum, Cudweed, Chinese tea bush. The sources of copper are also dairy products, beans, green leafy vegetables.
Molybdenum (Mo) is the heaviest biometal. Its name comes from the Greek “molibdos”, which means “lead”. The fact that the main mineral in molybdenum is molybdenite, very soft, and leaves a paper trail as graphite or lead. Molybdenum was discovered later than manganese by the Carl Scheele - in 1778. Metallic element was first obtained by P. Gslmom, a chemist who worked at the Stockholm Mint. Scheele asked him to smelt new metal, as he had a special oven for this. Only in 1900 it was established the presence of molybdenum in plants.
Molybdenum improves the binding of atmospheric nitrogen by rhizobia and is involved in the synthesis and metabolism of proteins. It affects the growth, development and reproduction of humans and animals. Is part of a series of enzymes. Increasing the molybdenum content in the body enhance the activity of xanthine oxidase - an enzyme that controls the purine metabolism. A purine bases are involved in the construction of nucleotides, nucleic acids and other biologically active compounds. In the result of this process produces a large amount of uric acid, with which buds cease to cope and then excess salt is deposited in the body, causing joint diseases. Molybdenum prevents the development of dental caries, delaying fluoride. In small doses, stimulates the production of hemoglobin in the large slows the process.
Most large molybdenum concentration is detected in the liver and skin.
A large amount of molybdenum include: Marsh Labrador tea, periwinkle, knot-grass, rhineberry, nettle, peppermint. From lack of molybdenum legumes suffer very often (soy, alfalfa, clover) and other legumes.
Selenium (Se) - protects against cellular poisons, binds toxic heavy metals, prevents clogging of the arteries and may limit the aging which are caused by free radicals, has anticancer activity, regulates cardiovascular activity, together with Vitamin E stimulates the formation of antibodies, increasing immune defense. In addition, it controls the formation of red blood cells. Selenium deficiency can lead to increased susceptibility to infectious diseases and cancer. Intake of selenium a day is 150-200 mcg. Selenium helps to cleanse the arteries and veins. Its deficiency exacerbates disease and lowers resistance to cancer. Daily nutrient requirement for selenium - 100-200 mg - contains 2 grams of yeast, which before use one needs to pour boiling water over to their “kill” and then drink the milk without sugar.
Sources of selenium are aloe vera, Redhaw Hawthorn, wild strawberry, germinated grains, pollen, seaweed, shrimps, yeast, milk, tomatoes, eggs, sea buckthorn, celandine, Mayapple, Woolly Foxglove, chamomile, rose, Liquorice. It contains a large number of Chinese magnolia vine, mother and stepmother, black currants, parsnips,golden root, dill, eucalyptus.
Sulfur (S) is an important structural element of the organic compounds such as protein, coenzyme A, lipoic acid and other coenzymes - constituent enzyme molecules. The latter two elements are in biomolecules in a reduced state, and therefore nitrates and sulfates, received in plants, should be restored, i.e. should be attached to the electrons.
Strontium (Sr) is involved in the metabolism of calcium, performing a similar function, is used in the treatment of osteoporosis, fractures, prevents the development of dental caries. A large amount of strontium contain aconite, aloe vera, anise, Anise, Bergenia crassifolia, oak, rhineberry, inebriating mint, devil's club, Great Burnet, cherry laurel, Pilocarpus, bullhead. These plants do not accumulate radioactive isotope strontium-90, but its stable analog.
Fluorine (F) - as part of the fluoride ion enamel, bone, increasing their hardness is contained in the muscles, blood and brain. Lack of it causes disease in the body of bones and teeth, and excess leads to mottling of tooth enamel and tooth decay. Fluoride is found in cereal grains, beans, peas, nuts, egg white, in green vegetables and fruits.
Chromium (Cr) regulates blood sugar levels, maintaining it at optimum concentrations, has a positive effect on the activity of insulin. Moreover, it prevents the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. About half of the population suffers from a lack of chromium, especially older persons and persons of advanced age. One of the reason of chromium deficiency in the body is over-refining foodstuffs. Thus, refined sugar contains only 0.1% of chromium, compared with the unrefined. Daily amount of chromium is 50-200 micrograms.
Contained in Dioscorea, Lobelia inflata, in brewer's yeast. One tablespoon of brewer's yeast is sufficient to meet the daily requirement of chromium.
Zinc (Zn) has effect on synthesis of nucleic acids, involved in the construction of various compounds, such as proteins and sugars. As a sort of biological switch it participates in the storage and transmission of genetic information, is involved in the synthesis of some enzymes, insulin and hormones. Zinc is a component of many enzymes and hormone insulin. It is necessary for maintaining normal levels of vitamin A in plasma. Zinc deficiency causes sexual dysfunction, infertility, prostate disease, various forms of anemia, dermatitis, hair and nail pathology, there is an amplification of tumor growth, manifested in slowing growth, dwarfism and immature sexual organs in juvenile period. Zinc prevents the development of dementia. One indication of a lack of zinc in the human body is the appearance of white spots on the nail surface. Body's need is about 10 mg per day.
Among the plants that contain zinc, is distinguished, aloe vera, silver birch, Indian dope, cherry laurel, Common Tormentil, Cudweed and bullhead. The plants - zinc concentrates are violet field, Bidens and celandine. Most of the plants have long been used as excellent drugs for treating skin diseases of different origin and as wound healing agents.
Accumulated in the soil chemicals are easily turned into plants, and through them - to animals and people. Climate, soil and vegetation are so intertwined that it is impossible to consider them distracted from each other. Growing on different soils plants often indicate the presence of high content of some chemical elements on the depth, indicate the presence of fresh water. Such plants are called indicator plants. Also M. V, Lomonosov scientifically showed the use of botany in geological prospecting. He pointed out that the herbs grown in the ore veins are smaller and leaner than the surrounding vegetation. In our time, found that at low or moderate level of certain elements (eg, boron, thorium) the size of plants increased by 2-3 times, but at very high concentrations, there is dwarfing plants. In areas of high boron content, some plants (Artemisia, Vitex) reach a particularly large size. There are direct and indirect indicators. Direct indicators are directly related to a specific condition of the environment. For example, field and forest pansy violets are often settle in soils, rich in zinc. Gypsophila grows in soils rich in copper. Gypsophila does not grow where there is no copper. The more the soil is rich in copper, the more abundant is Gypsophila. However, at very high concentrations of copper, sizes of plant are reduced. Horsetail and fragrant cloves is collected from the soil of gold. The absence of any vegetation often indicates the presence of platinum ores in soils. Vast areas with humid climate are characterized by a calcium deficiency. Other plants are not directly linked to any specific elements, but can serve as indirect indicators. For example, if the soil contains uranium, the petals of rose-pink tea instead are white or bright purple. Lady's-slipper orchid only grows in soils rich in calcium and is considered an absolute indicator of the presence of calcium. There are very few plants. Examples of plant indicators of high humidity can serve as marsh marigold, Lesser Bulrush, Marsh Woundwort, calla, the common reed, Purple loosestrife, meadowsweet. The predominance of alder says that pound of water is close - at a depth of 3 m.
Some plants are able to accumulate at the same time several elements. So, tormentil contains a large amount of copper and zinc, and lobelia and Rubia tinctorum - copper and iron. Uliginose accumulates in large quantities at the same time as zinc, copper and iron, which reinforce each other's action: copper is necessary for the absorption of iron and enhances the action of zinc. Therefore, the treatment of anemia will be more effective when combined techniques of iron and copper. Simultaneous concentrated zinc, copper and iron in herbs increases their pharmacological activity.
Zinc, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin E and B are contained in sprouted wheat.
There is a relationship between the accumulation of plants of certain groups of physiologically active compounds and the concentrated minerals therein. For example, plants producing cardiac glycosides selectively accumulate manganese, molybdenum and chromium; plants producing alkaloids accumulate cobalt, zinc, manganese; rare – copper; producing saponins - molybdenum and tungsten, and terpenoids - manganese. The increased concentration of any substance, even the most useful, can cause imbalances in the living body and become harmful. Thus, increasing the concentration of free amino acids is toxic to the body, a known case of death caused by an overdose of vitamin A in excessive eating of carrots.
The main body's need for trace elements is satisfied with food and water, and their therapeutic doses, needed to correct the imbalance of trace elements, are relatively small.
Mineral salt containing potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen and other elements, enter the plants from the soil. Number of incoming roots in mineral salts depends on their content in the soil, the soil moisture content, temperature and the type of plant. For example, in the same conditions pea roots absorb potassium to 3 times more than sodium and wheat roots - 20 times.
Macro-and microelements are selectively accumulated in different organs of the human body: zinc - in genitals, pituitary, pancreas; copper - in the liver, bone marrow; molybdenum - in kidney, chromium and manganese - in the pituitary, zinc and nickel are accumulated in the pancreas cadmium - in kidney, lithium, heavy metals - in hemocyte, aluminum and silicon in the blood plasma. In the blood serum, the most rich in trace elements are protein gamma-globulin. Cobalt is found primarily in the pituitary gland, bismuth-in pancreatic and thyroid glands. Brain regions, varying in morphological structure and functions also store different amounts of trace elements of copper, manganese, silicon, titanium, aluminum, etc. In some parts of the gray matter of the brain is detected molybdenum, in the caudate body - chrome, in thalamus there is a lot of vanadium and titanium. Bismuth is found only in the red nucleus. Radioactive elements (radium) in humans are concentrated in the brain and in plants, they are accumulated in the root system. The downside, especially the lack of these elements leads to serious disturbances in the activities of the relevant authorities.
In conclusion, it should be noted that the effect of trace elements on the body are not always similar to the nature of action of biologically active substances, contained in these plants. So, cherry fruit, containing tannin, used as an astringent, and cobalt, accumulating in them, a beneficial effect on the process of hematopoiesis